Ask someone what the biggest waterfall in the world is called and a lot of the time, they’ll answer ‘Niagara Falls’. While it’s certainly large, Angel Falls is in fact the highest, and Victoria Falls is the longest; stretching over 1700 meters.
Located between Zambia and Zimbabwe in Southern Africa, Victoria Falls is the world’s largest curtain of water, with an incredible 546 million cubic meters of water falling down its 328 foot drop every minute during flood season. This waterfall lies on the course of the Zambezi river; an epic interruption in its constant flow.
Victoria Falls’ beauty is unparalleled by the fact that there is another cliff edge facing the curtain of water, but one which is dry; giving visitors the ideal spot with which to view this natural wonder. However, the spray from such a huge amount of water travels for miles and anyone coming close to the falls is likely to get wet! Many tourists choose to hike around the falls, take the train over the Victoria Falls Bridge to look down into the gorge below, and also fly over it for spectacular views.
For the nearby Mukuni Village, Victoria Falls has brought a great deal of industry as visitors like to see their annual Lwiindi Festival (held each July) and also visit the Mosi O Tunya National Park when they visit. This wonder is certainly not short of things to do and ways to see it and the area makes a great week-long holiday in itself.
Victoria Falls formed in much the same way that every other waterfall on earth begins its life. The fast flowing water that ran along the Zambezi river gradually started to erode the soft stone that lay on its bed, so that it fell away and the river ran into a decent. Over many thousands of years this erosion becomes more necessary and far more extreme, until the water flow became so steep that it began to fall in a curtain. As this became more pronounced, the spray of the water when it hit the plunge pool below causes the cliff side to start eroding inwards, making this curtain of water in turn more pronounced. While the falls were only discovered around 105 years ago by explorer David Livingstone in 1855, they are estimated to be an incredible 150 million years old (at least!).
The Victoria Falls gorges, on the other hand, have been forming very gradually over the past 100,000 years; a process which has been caused by the erosion of the water in the Zambezi river. This fast flowing water coming from Victoria falls has caused a series of zig-zagging gorges which look spectacular from the air.
How to Get There:
Victoria Falls is accessible either via Victoria Falls Airport in Zimbabwe or Livingstone Airport in Zambia. From there, trains, buses and taxis are readily available to take you to your individual accommodation.
See one of the many tourist boards for information on the hikes and walks that go around the Victoria Falls basin.
Where to Stay:
If you are willing to stay in self catering accommodation during your stay at Victoria Falls then you can find rooms for as little as $65 per night, although when staying in a foreign country this is not always the most desirable option.
For a luxury stay, try the Stanley and Livingstone hotel where rooms start at $200 and go up to $274 USD per night. This hotel has Victorian style decor and overlooks a waterhole where various species come to drink (buffalo and elephants to name two). The Royal Livingstone is another beautiful luxury hotel located inside the Mosi O Tunya National Park.